Liver spots are flat, brown, or black on the skin that can appear on areas exposed to the skin. Liver spots are also called (Senile or solar lentigo or lentigines or age spots. Contrary to the name, liver spots have nothing to do with the liver or liver function. These spots are painless so they usually don’t need treatment, but if you want to get rid of them, you can treat them. Read this article for the treatment, causes prevention, and some effective home remedies that help to lighten all the spots on the face and any other part of the body. 

These spots are widespread over age 40. From the age of 40, the skin is less able to regenerate from sun exposure, and therefore that is very common in this age group. They often show up on that area of the skin that has had the greatest sun exposure, such as:

  • Backs of the hands
  • Face
  • Forearms
  • Scalp if bald
  • Forehead
  • Shoulders

What Do These Spots Look Like?

  • Light brown or dark.
  • Group in one spot, similar to a patch of freckles.
  • Flat, circular, or oval 
  • Range from the size of a freckle to about half an inch (13 millimeters) wide.
  • They vary in size from about one-quarter centimeter to half an inch one centimeter across. 

Are They Dangerous?

These spots don’t lead to dangerous symptoms and are painless. Liver spots often look similar to certain types of skin cancer, so it’s important to see a doctor if you notice the symptoms that are mentioned below: 

• Spots getting darker day by day. 

• Size gradually increasing

• Unusual combination of colors of the spots.

• If the spots start bleeding.

What Is The Cause Of Liver Spots

Overactive pigment cells cause black dots/ age spots to form. Ultraviolet (UV) light speeds up melanin production, (the natural pigment that gives skin its color). 

Your skin might be more likely to develop age spots if you have:

  • Spend a lot of time in peak hours of sun
  • Light skin
  • History of frequent sun exposure or sunburn
  • Use tanning beds 

Prevention Of Liver Spots

You can prevent these spots to form by keeping in mind the following points:

•Limit your sun exposure

• Avoid going outside during the peak hours

• Make sure to use sunscreen. Fifteen to 30 minutes before going outdoors, apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 30. 

• Apply sunscreen properly and apply again after every two hours. 

• For protection from the sun, focus on your clothes. Wear tightly woven clothing that covers your arms and legs 

• Consider wearing clothing designed to provide sun protection.

  • Wear protective clothing such as a broad hat, long sleeves, or pants.

Treatment Of Liver Spots

Below are treatments of spots if you want to lighten their appearance:

  • Medications. (bleaching creams alone or with retinoids and a mild steroid might gradually lighten the spots. 
  • Laser resurfacing.
  • Cryotherapy.
  • Dermabrasion. 
  • Microdermabrasion.
  • Chemical peel.

How To Get Rid Of Liver Spots Naturally At Home 

Below are some affected natural ingredients that help to lighten these spots over several months. 

Apple Cider Vinegar 

How To Use Apple Cider Vinegar For Liver Spots?

  • Mix 1 tablespoon of apple cider vinegar with 2 tablespoons of cucumber juice. 
  • Apply on your spots twice a day. 
  • Wash it off after 30 minutes. 
  • You can store this mixture for 1 week in a fridge. 

Aloe vera 

How To Use Aloe vera Gel For Liver Spots?

  • Mix 3 tablespoons of aloe vera gel with 2 tablespoons of lemon juice and licorice powder. 
  • Apply on your spots. 
  • Massage for 4-5 minutes. 
  • Leave it for at least 30 minutes. 
  • Wash it off. 
  • You can apply this overnight. 
  • This mixture can last well for 1 week in a fridge. 

Butter Milk 

How To Use Butter Milk For Liver Spots?

  • Mix buttermilk with orange peel powder and lemon juice. 
  • Apply on your spots. 
  • Leave it for at least 30 minutes. 
  • Wash it off. 
  • This is not suitable for oily or acne-prone skin. If your skin is oily or acne-prone better use other remedies or replace buttermilk with yogurt. 

Onion Juice 

How To Use Onion Juice Vinegar For Liver Spots?

onion juice treat all the marks and patches from the skin
onion juice
  • Blend onion and strain to get the juice. 
  • Mix with apple cider vinegar. 
  • Apply on your spots. 
  • Leave it for 30 minutes. 
  • Wash it off. 

Papaya 

How To Use Papaya For Liver Spots?

  • Blend papaya with lemon juice and potato juice.  
  • Apply on your spots. 
  • Leave it for at least 30 minutes. 
  • Wash it off. 

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